Exchange Village Mud Mandir


This site is on the Heritage Asset Register which is the official list of Trinidad and Tobago’s historic sites that are worthy of notation and preservation. The register is authorized by the National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago’s Council and is by no means exhaustive. The sites on the Heritage Asset Register are not owned by the National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. The Trust welcomes any historical information and oral histories the public wishes to share with us concerning this site via the feedback form.

Exchange Village Mud Mandir

The Exchange Village Shiv Mandir is the oldest original standing temple in Trinidad and Tobago. The only change to the temple was the addition of an aluminium roof in 1985. Made largely of mud, it is also the longest-occupied temple in the country. The temple is also unique because it was built around 1920 by indentured immigrants from India who lived in nearby barracks.

This temple is made of cow dung and is white washed with lime. Dried cow dung can often be damaged by termites. To avoid this pest, the cow’s dung cellulose was mixed with the mud to create a termite-resistant and sturdy structure, and plaster work.

The Exchange Shiv Mandir has a superstructure which has a dome (called Shikhara in north India, and Vimana in south India) that stretches towards the sky. The temple’s vertical dimension cupola (dome) symbolises the cosmic mountain on which Lord Shiva resides.

There are four doors in the temple representing the four cardinal points. In keeping with Hindu sacred architecture [vastu], devotees must enter the temple through the eastern door and leave through the western exit. The front door is dedicated to Surya [Sun God].

Address: Exchange Village, Couva, Trinidad and Tobago

Town/City: Exchange Village

Region: Couva – Tabaquite – Talparo

Site Type: Cultural Heritage

Ownership: Private

Public Accessibility: 

Listing Status: Stage 8 – List published in the Gazette and Heritage Site listed on Index of Listings at the Registrar General. Listing Completed & Heritage Site Protected Under the Act

Grade: Grade 1 – property in which there should be no change, nor alteration to its shape or form, nor in or upon any material object, plant or other thing that may deform or deface the property 

Cultural Community:

Site Features: Places of Worship


Exchange Village
Trinidad and Tobago

Woodford Lodge Recreation GroundArima Dial